2. QUESTIONS PAPER B

QUESTION NO. 1
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Democracy"
QUESTION NO. 2
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Computer Education"
QUESTION NO. 3
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Village Uplift"
QUESTION NO. 4
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Social Evils"
QUESTION NO. 5
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Religious Extremism"
QUESTION NO. 6
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Role of Women in Society".
QUESTION NO. 7
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Importance of Mass Media".
QUESTION NO. 8
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Pleasures of Childhood".
QUESTION NO. 9
Write an essay, with outline, of 300-350 words on the topic "Features of a Pakistani Wedding".
QUESTION NO.  10
Write a general essay, with outline, of 300-350 words that covers the following topics;
(i)  Energy Crisis
(ii) Unemployment
(iii) Terrorism
(iv) Drug Addiction
(v) Black Marketing
(vi) Corruption
(vii) Inflation - Rising Prices
(viii) Over-Population
(ix) Environmental Pollution
(x) Smuggling
(xi) Mass Illiteracy
(xii) Drug Trafficking 
(xiii) Sectorianism
(xiv) Economic Crisis
(xv) Beggary
(xvi) Bribery
(xvii) Nepotism
(xviii) Tax Evasion
(xix) Violence
(xx) Poverty
(xxi) Political Instability 
(xxii) Lawlessness
(xxiii) Social and Economic Crisis
(xxiv) Social and Economical Problems
(xxv) Injustice and Inequality
QUESTION NO. 11
(a) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Space travel is by far the most expensive type of exploration ever undertaken by man. The vast expenditure of money and human effort now being devoted to projects of putting man into space might well be applied to ends more practically useful and more conducive to human happiness. It is a strange world in which tens of millions of pounds are spent to give one man a ride round the earth at thousands of miles an hour, while beneath him in his orbit live millions for whom life is a daily struggle to win a few coins to buy their bread and butter. The money and effort that go into the development and construction of a single type of space-rocket would more than suffice to rid several countries of such scourge as malaria or typhoid fever, to name only two of diseases that medical science has conquered but which still persist in the world simply because not enough money and effort are devoted to their eradication. Why should the richer countries of the world be pouring their resources into space when poverty and disease on the earth are crying out for relief? One could give a cynical answer to this question and assert that man's expensive adventures into space are merely the by-products of the struggle between great powers for prestige and possible military advantage. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Why is it a strange world?
(ii) Why do malaria  and typhoid still exist in the world? 
(iii) Why is man pouring his resources into space?
(iv) Explain the meanings of the following words:
(a) Scourge     (b) Eradication
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(vi) Make a summary of the passage. 
(b) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Fortunately, however, the growth of industrialism has coincided in the west with the growth of democracy. It is possible now, if the population of the world does not increase too fast, for one man's labour to produce much more than is needed to provide a bare subsistence for himself and his family. Given an intelligent democracy not misled by some dogmatic creed, this possibility will be used to raise the standard of life. It has been so used to a limited extent, in Britain and America, and would have been so used more effectively but for war. Its use in raising the standard of life has depended mainly upon three things; democracy, trade unionism, and birth control. All three, of course, have incurred hostility from the rich. If these three things can be extended to the rest of the world as it becomes industrialized, and if the danger of great wars can be eliminated, poverty can be abolished throughout the whole world, and excessive hours of labour will no longer be necessary anywhere. But without these three things industrialism will create a regime like that in which the Pharaohs  build the pyramids. In particular, if the world population continues to increase at the present rate, the abolition if poverty and excessive work will be totally impossible. 
QUESTIONS
(i)  What connection does the writer show between industrialism and democracy?
(ii) How can the standard of life be raised?
(iii) How can poverty be abolished?
(iv) What will be the impact of increase in population at the present rate?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(vi) Make a precis of the passage.
QUESTION NO. 12
(a) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Great progress has been made by America in the field of mechanization. It is spending lavishly on labour-saving machines. Efficient organization if highly mechanized system has resulted in maximum productivity in America. With mass production, the amenities of life are available to almost every citizen. On the contrary, Europe subordinates the use of machines to human happiness and welfare. It encourages man's reliance on his own faculties and realizes the dangers inherent in the American scheme. However, great the advantages of mechanization, it crushes the creative faculty of man and makes a machine out of him. His individual liberty and personality suffer an irretrievable loss. In his moments of leisure the worker finds it difficult to turn his hands to creative work because the machine-made goods do not inspire him in the direction of refinement. These goods also lose their fascination because mass production has given a set back to the individuality of the articles produced. The Europeans, therefore, contend that it is better to sacrifice a few material comforts that crush the aesthetic and spiritual urge in the individual which large scale mechanization is doing in America. 
QUESTIONS
(i) What is the result of progress in the field of mechanization in America?
(ii) How has it affected America?
(iii) What is the case in Europe?
(iv) Why do Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts?
(v) Make a suitable title of the passage.
(vi) Make a precis of the above passage. 
(b) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     In universities in the West, a large part of teacher's time is spent on tutorial work. By a tutorial we mean a regular weekly meeting of a teacher and small group of students. A tutorial is not an occasion for a lecture by a  teacher nor it is an informal conversation piece. It is, in fact, an opportunity for a teacher to get to know his students. It is further a means to discover their potential abilities, stimulate them by discussion, test their response to what they have read, and to give them individual advice on their studies. A tutorial should help a student to clarify his mind by the exchange of ideas, and should send him back to his books with a new awareness and a new interest. It should encourage him to think for himself and give him practice in formulating and expressing opinions. The usual form is that the students read original essays in turn and these are discussed, analyzed and evaluated by the group as a whole under the guidance of the teacher. A further advantage of the tutorial is that it enables the teacher to become intimately acquainted with his students, both as individual as a scholar. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) What does the writer mean by a tutorial?
(iii) Why do the teacher of  the Western Universities spend his much time on tutorial work?
(iv) What do the students gain by tutorial work?
(v) Should we adopt this system in our country? If yes why?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage.   
QUESTION NO. 13
(a) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Very few students have really any clear idea of what science mean. The teaching of science in schools tend to obscure the meaning of science. When pupils at school work for a pass in science subject, they regard it their main business to learn a large number of facts and a smaller number of principles and theories. Now all this is good in its way. A scientist must have a certain number of facts, principles and theories at his finger tips. But science would cease to be science if scientists merely worked from fixed sets of facts and theories. The essence of science is the gathering of new facts and the establishment of new theories. Science has advanced rapidly in recent history because scientists have been greedy for new knowledge, and because they have been so ready to disbelieve in text books of their youth. It is, therefore, most important to give our young students of science an awareness of skepticism and open-mindedness that is part of the very soul of science. Let them not think that any branch of science is a subject that one can sit down and learn. Let them realize that science is essentially a creative activity. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) What is the essence of science?
(iii) When does science cease to be science?
(iv) What are the two causes of the advancement of science?
(v) What should we teach to our students of science?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage. 
(b) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Whether the subject should be taught in English in our educational institutions or through the medium of our other tongue is one of the most important problems of the present day. There are quite a few points to be  considered in this connection. Those who oppose the introduction of English as a medium of instruction think that the subjects taught in English are not properly understood by the students. When they are not able to understand a point properly, they are evidently unable to express it properly. When they are compelled to write the answers in English, they feel pained. Hence they develop a sort of inferiority complex. This thing mars the growth of intellectual power and as a result their personality remains undeveloped. Thus they prove a complete failure in their lives. But that is not a sensible way of thinking. As a matter of fact, it is not simply the medium of instruction that counts in the educational affairs. There are some other factors as well to be taken into consideration of mind etc. Moreover, Urdu is still in a stage of infancy. It is impossible for it to compete with English and become mature enough to absorb suitable equivalents of technical terms before it is introduced as a medium of instruction. The change, of course, must be there, but it must be very gradual one. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) What do the people against English say?
(iii) What is the greatest difficulty in changing over to Urdu?
(iv) Till when should we wait for this change-over?
(v) What sort of change does the writer suggest?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage. 
QUESTION NO. 14
(a) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Mankind has undoubtedly progressed since medieval time. The earliest men lived like brutes. Individuals fought among themselves and strong destroyed the weak, for that is the law of jungle --- the law of irrational life. But man was not an animal. He possessed rational faculties. These faculties gradually developed and appeared in his actions, and man gave up the laws of jungle and evolved his own rational law. Men saw that the law of physical strength was not applicable to their lives. They realized that they have souls and the strength of a being with a soul can consist in a variety of capabilities other than the power to hack and hew and tear and bite. For instance, a man can be strong in reasoning tools, or in controlling the actions of other rational beings by the power of song and speech. Thus men realized that they should not be fighting among themselves but should be working together and giving one another opportunities to develop their respective strength. This was the first step in man's progress. By this means men gained such control over the force of nature and made each other so much wiser and more comfortable that they were convinced that they were the best creation of God. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) How did the earliest men live?
(iii) What is the law of jungle?
(iv) What did men learn to do when his reason developed?
(v) How were men convinced that they were the best creation of God?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage. 
(b) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Success in the next electoral contest will come only to those political parties that are able to win the support of the people not happy with their current economic situation. A vast majority -- more than 95 per cent -- will vote with no assurance that their welfare is the main concern of the parties seeking their support. This is what makes politics so volatile in the country as it marches towards yet another election. There is a lot at stake in the coming election for the political parties preparing to contest and the leaders who manage them. To win the support of the discontented, the parties and their leaders will need to offer their well-developed programmes aimed at improving the welfare of the citizens. It is my belief that only those parties will succeed in March who have developed programmes to redress some of the problems created by the model pursued over the last five years. That model was focused on developing the principal cities of the country by promoting the sectors that provided a limited amount of employment and yielded in comes to a very small proportion of the population. This model will need to be changed significantly to win the political backing of the deprived and disadvantaged. But that can only happen if the people are presented with programmes in which they can place some trust. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) Who will win the next elections?
(iii) What does it make politics so volatile in the country?
(iv) How can the support of the discontented be won?
(v) How can the trust of the people be won?
(vi) Make a precis of the passage.
QUESTION NO. 15
(a) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     Education, in general is enigmatic in Pakistan. It is plagued with falling standards, loss of direction, and insensitivity on the part of governments. Misguided and chaotic as it is, education in Pakistan is misunderstood as restricted to passing examinations or obtaining degrees. It is totally deprived of career planning and skill development. And above all it fails to imbibe in our students, human values which are basic to our Islamic society. The Oxford dictionary defines education as awakening and development of one's character and mental powers. The computerized CD, The World Book, states that education is the process by which people acquire knowledge, skills, habits, values and attitudes. The word education is also used to describe the results of the educational process. Education should help people become useful members of society. It should also help them develop an appreciation of the cultural heritage and teach them to live more satisfying lives. The most common way to get education is to attend school, but much education also takes place outside the classroom. Though history of eduction is not as old as humanity, its demands for the present world are enormous and pressurizing. The world has expanded itself to an era of phenomenal growth and development with multiplying technology. The world today clearly demands specialization and realization of quality education. Simply speaking, teaching two plus two makes four is education, but application of four is all spheres of life is its quality. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage. 
(ii) From which defects does education in Pakistan suffer?
(iii) How can do Pakistanis think education is?
(iv) How is general education different from quality education?
(v) Give in your own words the definition of education. 
(vi) Make a precis of the passage. 
(b) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
     A person who is aware of his duties and rights in his society is a good citizen. He knows that he is a member of a group with which he is associated by a thousand and one ties. He realizes that he should live in harmony with other members of society. 
     Man cannot live without a society. He cannot live alone. He must live with his fellow human beings. But living in a society means co-operation with other members of that society. When you live in society, you have to live as others live. You have to accept the conditions and traditions that a society prescribes for its members. These conditions and standards of behaviour are for the common good and welfare of the society and individuals. Society gives you some rights and some duties. 
     A good citizen does his best to do his duty to the society. He always keeps in vies the interests of his society and state. He lives a clean and honest life. He keeps away from such activities that may harm the interests of his fellow citizens. 
     A good citizen is aware of the fact that he is indebted to his society in many ways. He knows that the labour and work of countless persons have enriched his life. He life, to a very great extent, depends on others. He has received much in material and spiritual benefits from others. It is only just and right that he should pay his debts. 
     How does a good citizen pay his debts to the society? By living useful and fruitful life, he lives not for himself alone but he lives for others. He pays his taxes. He takes keen interest in the affairs of his state. He does not live in isolation. He is not selfish. He is tolerant and kind and virtuous. 
QUESTIONS
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(ii) Who is a good citizen?
(iii) Why is society formed?
(iv) What are the duties of a good citizen? 
(v) Give other words for;
(a) Harmony     (b) Prescribe     (c) Indebted     (d) Isolation
(vi) Make a precis of the passage. 
QUESTION NO. 16
(a) Correct the following sentences. (Noun)
(i) I need a ten rupees note.
(ii) He ran three hundred meters race.
(iii) He has ten heads of cattle.
(iv) He has given up his study.
(v) I took pain in my work.
(vi) He gave order to release him.
(vii) He gave me many advices.
(viii) I have many works to do.
(ix) The chair's leg is broken.
(x) What is this book's price?
(b) Correct the following sentences. (Pronoun)
(i) Let Sabiha and I go there.
(ii) One should take care of his health.
(iii) Everyone raised their hands.
(iv) Saleema is the woman which gave me courage to work.
(v) He is the student who I think deserves praise.
(vi) The boy who was promoted, he was my brother.
(vii) He availed of the opportunity.
(viii) We enjoyed at the concert.
(ix) These two boys hate one another.
(x) Little children love each other.
(c) Correct the following sentences. (Verb)
(i) The wages of sin are hell.
(ii) Ten miles are a long distance.
(iii) My brother's only help were his friends.
(iv) His friend and benefactor have left the room.
(v) They found that the ship is leaking.
(vi) I request you not to cut jokes in the class.
(vii) He made three goals in the last match.
(viii) He is reading in the medical college.
(ix) He has come yesterday.
(x) Why he wrote that foolish letter?
(d) Correct the following sentences. (Article)
(i) He is M.A. while his friend is B.A.
(ii) In Lahore we stayed at hotel.
(iii) Faisalabad is Manchester of Pakistan.
(iv) The gold is more costly than the silver.
(v) Rose is the sweetest of all flowers.
(vi) The man is selfish by nature.
(vii) I have headache.
(viii) I am stronger of the two.
(ix) Higher we go, cooler it is.
QUESTION NO. 17
(a) Correct the following sentences. (Adjective)
(i) He is a famous gambler.
(ii) We met at the house of a mutual friend to make peace.
(iii) He is a coward person.
(iv) We visited many worth-seeing places.
(v) She is more clever than he.
(vi) Lahore is larger than any city in the Punjab.
(vii) Of the two routes, this is the shortest.
(viii) Mumtaz is the most unique teacher.
(ix) He enjoys the most worldwide reputation.
(b) Correct the following sentences. (Adverb)
(i) He goes there never.
(ii) He comes here seldom.
(iii) He faced bravely the enemy.
(iv) Atif sings good.
(v) He died two months before.
(vi) The strawberry shortcake tastes deliciously.
(vii) The rotten eggs smell badly.
(viii) He is hardly hit by the bank's failure.
(ix) I seldom or ever take medicine.
(x) It is much interesting book.
(c) Correct the following sentences. (Preposition)
(i) The lion attacked at him.
(ii) We reached at the platform soon after the train left.
(iii) The patient has been operated.
(iv) Look this word in the dictionary.
(v) I shot the bear but missed.
(vi) I cannot pull on my work.
(vii) It is half past five in my watch.
(viii) She is angry on me.
(ix) He wrote with red ink.
(x) I have not seen you since a long time.
(d) Correct the following sentences. (Conjunction) 
(i) If you don't come, then I shall not help you.
(ii) If he is poor, then I will help him.
(iii) Although he is old, but he is strong.
(iv) Hardly had we set out than the bad weather began.
(v) Scarcely had he gone than a policeman knocked at the door.
(vi) No sooner he left than the storm broke.
(vii) Unless you don't work hard, you cannot secure good marks.
(viii) Neither he comes, nor he writes.
(ix) He wears like his friend does.
(x) He cried as if he was mad.
QUESTION NO. 18
(a) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) Beggar description
(ii) Carry weight
(iii) Compare notes
(iv) Fall flat      
(v) Follow suit
(vi) Hold water
(vii) Hush money
(viii) Make amends
(ix) Play havoc
(b) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) Become a byword
(ii) Cut a sorry figure
(iii) Eat a humble pie
(iv) Flog a dead horse
(v) Make a clean breast
(vi) Make a face
(vii) Pocket an insult
(viii) Pull a long face
(ix) Smell a rat
(c) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) Bell the cat      
(ii) Break the ice
(iii) Break the news
(iv) Bury the hatchet
(v) Carry the day
(vi) Face the music
(vii) Grease the palm
(viii) Hit the mark    
(ix) Kick the bucket  
(d) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) Add insult to injury
(ii) Beat about the bush
(iii) Burn the candle at both ends
(iv) Burst into tears
(v) Cast pearls before swine
(vi) Die in harness
(vii) End in smoke
(viii) Fall in love with
(ix) Leave in the lurch
(x) Live from hand to mouth
QUESTION NO. 19
(a) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) A fishy deal
(ii) A freudian slip
(iii) A maiden speech
(iv) Crocodile tears
(v) Democle's sword
(vi) Dutch courage
(vii) French leave
(viii) Pandora's box
(ix) The under dog
(b) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) All and sundry
(ii) Bag and baggage
(iii) Few and far between
(iv) First and foremost
(v) Flesh and blood
(vi) Null and void
(vii) Part and parcel
(viii) Rank and file
(ix) Root and branch
(c) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) A blue stocking
(ii) A broken reed
(iii) A dark horse
(iv) A laughing stock
(v) A live wire
(vi) A rolling stone
(vii) A scape goat
(viii) A sugar daddy
(ix) A turn coat
(d) Use the following idioms in your own sentences.
(i) At a loss
(ii) At a stretch
(iii) At daggers drawn
(iv) At logger heads
(v) For good
(vi) In cold blood
(vii) In the pipeline
(viii) On the anvil
(ix) Out at elbows
QUESTION NO. 20
(a) Use the following phrasal verbs in your own sentences.
(i) Back away       
(ii) Back out        
(iii) Bear with    
(iv) Bear up   
(v) Beat back
(vi) Blow out    
(vii) Break down
(viii) Break into
(ix) Break out
(b) Use the following phrasal verbs in your own sentences.
(i) Come about
(ii) Come off
(iii) Carry off     
(iv) Drop in       
(v) Do away with
(vi) Fall out
(vii) Fall in with
(viii) Give up
(ix) Go about
(c) Use the following phrasal verbs in your own sentences.
(i) Make off with
(ii) Make up for
(iii) Pass away
(iv) Pull down
(v) Pull up
(vi) Put off
(vii) Put up with
(viii) Run down
(ix) Run over
(d) Use the following phrasal verbs in your own sentences.
(i) Set up for
(ii) Stand by
(iii) Stand for
(iv) Stick to
(v) Take down
(vi) Take in
(vii) Turn away  
(viii) Turn down
(ix) Walk away with
QUESTION NO. 21
(a) Write an application for job.
(b) Write an application to provide information.
QUESTION NO. 22
(a) Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper expressing your views about "Load Shedding".
(b) Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper expressing your views about "Reckless Driving".
QUESTION NO. 23
(a) Write a dialogue between two friends about the waywardness among the youth.
(b) Write a dialogue between father and son on the choice of profession.
QUESTION NO. 24
(a) Write a dialogue between a student and a teacher on the importance of book reading.
(b) Write a dialogue between two men about dearness.
QUESTION NO. 25
(a) Translate the following paragraph into English.
(b) Translate the following paragraph into English.

(c) Translate the following paragraph into English.

(d) Translate the following paragraph into English.
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