Monday, 26 March 2018

MANNERS ARE INFECTIOUS - B.A. ENGLISH NOTES


Manners are Infectious
   Infectious means liable to be transmitted to people. In his essay "On Saying Please" Alpha of the Plough has very aptlycommented on good and bad manners as infectious. If the bad manners of one person influence others and make them rude and ill-tempered; the good manners of one person also affect others and make them polite and kind. The writer has propagated his view point with two examples. 
     The first example is of bad manners. A fellow did not say "please" to a lift-operator and was thrown of the lift by him. May be that fellow has had a quarrel with his wife on breakfast table. The wife might have been annoyed by the cook who might have been irritated on the behaviour of the house-maid. Thus due to one person's discourtesy, a chain action started and so many people were infected with it. 
     The second example is of good manners. A bus conductor on London routes was very nice and helpful to his passengers. He treated the blind, the old and the young ones carefully and lovingly. He even gave the writer a ticket when the writer boarded his bus without any money in his pockets. His civility radiated comfort, joy and peace. As a result his passengers could not help being nice and polite. 
     In short, the writer has rightly said that manners are infectious; whether they are bad or good. Like infections they travel from person to person leaving their bitter or sweet taste in the environment. They quickly spread from one person to another like a contagious disease. As we live in a society so the ways and manners of people are bound to affect others. 

Monday, 5 February 2018

TRANSLATION FROM URDU INTO ENGLISH - B.A. ENGLISH PART ONE NOTES


TRANSLATION FROM URDU INTO ENGLISH

1. Translate the following paragraphs into English. 
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2. Translate the following paragraphs into English. 
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3. Translate the following paragraphs into English. 
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COMPREHENSIONS AND PRECIS WRITING - B.A. ENGLISH PART ONE NOTES


COMPREHENSIONS AND PRECIS WRITING 

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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4. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
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5. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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6. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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7. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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8. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.
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DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONS SHORT STORIES & ONE ACT PLAYS - B.A. ENGLISH PART ONE NOTES

3. DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONS
(SHORTS STORIES & ONE ACT PLAYS)

1. Answer the following questions. 
(i) What is the role of Nick Adams in "The Killers"?
(ii) "I would rather have been loved, not feared" says Beatrice before dying in "Rappaccini's Daughter". Elaborate.

2. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Describe the quarrel between Ustad Mangu and the Gora Soldier. (The New Constitution)
(ii) Why does Eva turn down every offer of Rosen in "Take Pity"?

3. Answer the following questions. 
(i) How does the Swallow sacrifice his life for the love of the Happy Prince? 
(ii) Describe the effect of romantic love on the adolescent mind of the Small Boy. (Araby)

4. Answer the following questions. 
(i) How does E.A. Poe build an atmosphere of horror in "Tell-Tale Heart"?
(ii) "The Necklace" is a satire on the vanity of women. Discuss. 

5. Answer the following questions. 
(i) How does the story "The Duchess and the Jeweler" reflect the moral decadence of the English aristocracy? 
(ii) The Wife in "The Shadow in the Rose Garden" cannot help digging her past. Discuss. 

6. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Describe the love between the French Soldier and the Panther. 
(ii) How is Lisby different from her elder sisters? 

7. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Discuss the play "The Bear" as a farce. 
(ii) What is the conflict between Uncle James and his nephew, Philip? 

8. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Write a character sketch of Wolf. (Something to Talk About by Eden Phillpotts)
(ii) Why has Primrose decided to marry an ugly man?